Top 5 Best Cameras for Personal Use

The choice of camera depends on the skills of the photographer. The beginner will not benefit by getting a high-end camera because he does not have enough composition skills. The skillful photographer will not benefit by using a mediocre camera. This makes the choice of the camera a personal one. But, here we give the best cameras for all photographers.

Best features Nikon D5600 (Rs 47,809)

Image result for Nikon D5600As the price shows, this is one of the high-end cameras with an APS-C CMOS 24.2 megapixel sensor and a 3.2-inch articulated touchscreen having 1,040,000 dots. The video continuous shooting speed at 1080p is 5 fps. It has excellent image reproduction but like many other cameras, it is slow in the Live View mode. The 30-point AF system is the best there is in this segment.

Best beginner camera Canon EOS Rebel T6 (Rs 25,636)

Image result for Canon EOS Rebel T6

This camera has a sensor size of 18 megapixels of the APS-C CMOS type. The greatest video resolution is 1080p and the continuous shooting speed is 3 fps. The positive thing is the low price and the good image quality. The shortcoming is that the Live View focusing is slow and there is no touchscreen. You have a good set of features though not everything that the high-end models have. It has Wi-Fi and NFC built-in helping you to move your pictures to your smartphone with ease.

Best low-cost beginner camera D3300 (Rs 29,957)

Image result for D3300The sensor is 24.2 megapixels APS-C CMOS and offers video shooting in 1080p at 5 fps. It has a “Guide mode” that is helpful for the beginners to learn how to make adjustments to his DSLR camera. It has great image quality but it does not provide connectivity (no Wi-Fi or NFC). So, you must use the Nikon Plug-in adapter to download and transfer the photos. This camera is not easy to get as the next in line model D3400 is fast capturing the market.

Best low-light photography camera Canon EOS 200D (Rs 53,957)

This camera has a great burst rate and allows quick focusing when one uses the Live View mode. One can take a varied selection of photographs from portrait to landscape to wedding photos. The APS-C sensor is 24.2 megapixels and the Autofocus is Dual Pixel CMOS. You can get clear and sharp photos with this camera. The Canon EOS 200D with 18-55mm or 55-250mm lenses is a great travel companion. The 25600 ISO setting allows one to take low-light photos with great clarity.

Best beginner video camera  Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III (Rs 66,880)

One of the best cameras with powerful controls to help you compose beautiful photos, the Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III has a 16.1-megapixel sensor. The sensor is Micro Four Thirds that is smaller than the standard DSLR making the camera compact and lightweight. You can shoot 4k video and get great pictures due to the 5-axis stabilization system. The continuous shooting speed is 8.6 fps. It has a tilt-angle display LCD screen. The image quality is good though the size of the sensor is half that of the standard DSLR camera.

Though we show many of the cameras as fit for beginners, it works well with the experts too. It will last until you decide to upgrade again to the next level.

What are the best lenses for street photography?

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One of the essential elements of photography is composition. In Street Photography, this is all the more important because it helps portray the character of the subject without distortion. Street photography involves getting close to the subject without changing their behavior. For this, you can use prime lenses or super zoom lenses depending on the situation.

Superzoom lenses

You use superzoom lenses from a far-off place. The subject remains framed by a soft focus background that highlights the important characteristic of either the surrounding or the subject.

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

Prime lenses

Prime lenses are the main lenses used in photography. This is because they produce the most natural pictures of the subject. The 50 mm lenses resemble the vision of the human eye because the focal length is almost the same.

50 mm

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

The second type of prime lens is the 35 mm lens. This helps you go close to the subject and get close-up photos.

35 mm

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

Tips for using the DSLR camera

Aperture settings

The aperture is the hole in the front of the lens that allows light into the camera. You adjust this by the f-stop number. Bigger the f-stop number, the smaller will be the aperture. So, you have the f/2.0 or the f/2.8 meaning the f-stop is 2.0 in the first case and 2.8 in the second. The amount of light will remain more in the first case.

You also have Aperture Priority denoted by Tv or S. The shutter priority is a semi-automatic shooting mode that helps you set the shutter speed as slow or fast. If you need to take the picture of a fast action, you use the fast shutter speed (such as 1/4000th of a second) to avoid blurring the picture. The next is the P mode or the program mode. This is a halfway mark between the semi-automatic and manual mode. In this mode, you adjust either one say the shutter speed or the aperture. The Program P will adjust the other one automatically.

The manual mode M is for full manual control of the camera. You have to set the aperture and the shutter speed by yourself.

The ISO setting helps you set the amount of light that reaches the sensor in the camera. The ISO setting has either a high value such as 6400 ISO or low setting such as 100 ISO. The low setting will allow only a low amount of light into the camera. If you use the low ISO setting, you must use a slow shutter speed to allow more light to enter the camera. If you want to capture fast-moving objects, you use a high setting so you can get a clear picture.

What are some photography hacks everyone should know?

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The difference between a good photograph and a fantastic one lies in the amount of preparation and work that goes into the photograph. If you see a photographer fidgeting and waiting before he takes his picture, it is because he is adjusting the parameters so he achieves the preferred setting for his picture. One can use cool photographic tricks to create diffuser effects and creative effects in the photograph.
Tips for taking landscape photographs
When you go to a historic site, you always find tourists and it is impossible to get rid of them. Put your camera on a tripod and take a couple of pictures. Then, use Photoshop to remove the tourists from the photographs. Go to Menu à Scripts à Statistics. Then, you can remove anything you do not want from your photograph.
Create slider effects
If you do not want to or cannot afford a slider for taking photographs, use the tripod. Rock the tripod forward and backward. You can lift it and place it forward to get the same effect as the slider.
Create a flare
To get a flare in your photograph, stick a transparent colored plastic paper across the lens of the camera. If you shoot into a bright source of light, the flare will come in the picture.

Get close-ups without the zoom lens: If you cannot afford or forgot to bring your zoom lens, you can remove the detachable lens and turn it backward. This will bring the subject close to you but you will not have any manual control. Instead, you will have to move your camera back and forth until you have the right focus.
Find the vantage point
The best equipment will not compensate for the composition. You can get the best angle by climbing on the roof of the building or if you lay down on the floor. Finding this angle makes the photograph great. So, put in some effort and you can add the special effects later.
Tips for the smartphone user

  • You can use cutouts in front of your camera lens or in the background to create dramatic effects.
  • Jump around while photographing and use the timer on the smartphone to get spectacular pictures.
  • Use a picture in the background to create a lively picture when you do not have any interesting background on your subject.
  • Use a plastic cover over your camera lens and color it with different colors to create a new effect in the photograph.
  • When you are shooting inside a room, use a paper cup as a smartphone stand. Cut a slit on the top such that the cut slants to the edge of the glass. Now, your phone can rest on the paper cup while you take the photograph.

Taking photographs with the phone increases your control due to the many inbuilt functions the phone has.These hacks prove that one can use creative efforts even when one is under-budget. By practice, you will adapt well to them and become the best photographer ever. But, you must begin by writing the tips down and practicing them.

Things to Consider When Buying Your First DSLR Camera

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The Single Reflex Lens (SLR) camera uses a mirror to reflect light from the object onto the sensor. The digital SLR differs from the SLR camera in that it uses electronics to do what the SLR camera does manually. Thus, the quality of the images is much better in the DSLR cameras. Here is a list of the things you must consider if you want to buy a DSLR camera.
Check the feel of the camera
The first thing to do is to, in a mild way; bounce the camera in your hand. It must feel easy and well balanced. That is important because you will want to align the camera in a specific manner to get a photograph and if you do not have a good feel, then you will not get good photographs.
Work the controls
Keep the camera lightly balanced and work the controls. These are the Shutter Speed and White Balance for starters. They must have an alien feel when you change them around. Instead, they must feel natural. Check the drive mode and the self-timer to see if they work in a smooth way. Fiddle around with the exposure settings, change the metering and try to work the focus. If they work well, then you have the right model. If not, try another model.
Check the video recording
Even if you are not planning on shooting any videos, you will in time use the video recording function. Most DSLR cameras have full HD 1080p video recording feature. But, there are a few that have only 720p or non-HD recording. Every brand has a different frame rate for recording. The higher frame rates give smoother output.
Confirm the modes available
The DSLR camera will have all standard features such as Action, Portrait, Landscape, and Night modes. A few of the cameras will also have features such as Auto, Guide, and Panorama. The Guide function is especially helpful if one is a beginner. It will walk you through the working of the camera which helps you become an expert in no time at all. But, working your DSLR camera is easy if you use the Auto mode during the initial phases when you are learning about the controls.
Know about sensor size
The quality of the photograph depends on the size of the sensor in the camera.  The biggest sensor is the full-frame sensor present that is equivalent to the 35 mm film. The size of the sensor is 36×24 mm. Entry level cameras have a smaller size sensor and crop sensors. The APS-C sensor for all brands except the Canon is 23.6×15.6 mm. The Canon has a smaller sensor at 22.2×14.8 mm. Another common sensor is the Four Thirds that measure 17.3×13 mm. The larger sensors cost more and deliver better pictures.
See the megapixel resolution
The megapixel resolution does matter but not as much as the sensor size. To print clear pictures of standard size, you need at most a resolution of 7 megapixels. Most of the entry level cameras have 12 megapixels or more so you need not worry about this aspect at all.

Now, you know what to look for in your camera. You only need to see that the camera has all the basic features.

How to start photography with DSLR cameras, as a beginner?

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To become an expert, one must learn the basics thoroughly. Other than the controls, one has to learn how to make the photograph attractive. While you can put your camera into the Auto mode and get some decent pictures, the real art lies in getting control over the camera and setting the background for the perfect picture.

Basics of photography ISO

The ISO of your camera tells you how sensitive the sensor is to light. The low sensitivity range is ISO 100 and the high sensitivity range is ISO 6400 or higher. When you shoot at low sensitivity, you need more light or you have to leave the shutter open for a long while. It might be necessary to shoot in low light at times.
Set the shooting mode
You will find the shooting modes indicated by auto, Av, Tv, P, and M. The camera takes over and does the shooting when you set the camera to one setting. Say, you select Auto, then the camera does everything. Aperture priority (Av) is semi-automatic mode. If you choose a larger aperture, more light passes through the lens of the camera. Next, we will see which camera you must choose.
Best entry level DSLRs

  • Nikon D3400 ($397): This is the best camera as far as we look at the design. This has a 24.2-megapixel sensor and a great battery life. You can use the SnapBridge to transfer images from the camera to the smartphone. It takes 1080p videos at 60 fps. Beginners will benefit much from the “Guide Mode” that helps one compose a picture. It gives a comfortable frame and performance ratio making it one of the best cameras for starting out on your journey through the photography world.
  • Canon EOS 750 D ($799): This is not a high-end camera but it is affordable. It helps you deal with some advanced principles in photography. It has 19 points Autofocus with an ISO range of 100-12800 ISO and the mode dial is easy to reach. This camera is easy to use because it has fewer controls.
  • Nikon D5600 ($747): This is feature rich with a 24.2-megapixel sensor. You can take full HD 1080p video and it has 3x optical zoom. The 3.2-inch multi-angle touch LCD screen helps you pinch, zoom, and set focus with only your fingers. The screen turns back and looks right back like the lens so you can get great selfies.
  • Pentax K-70-h ($847): This has an ISO setting of 100-102400 and shutter speed of 1/6000 – 30 seconds. It can zoom 7.5x and a fast autofocus. The LCD screen has articulation making it easy to focus. It has complete weather-sealing and good burst rate. The only drawback is the Wi-Fi that is slow to respond. Also, the weight is too much for an entry-level DSLR.

You can borrow a camera or rent it from reputed camera rental company like Qwikgear for the first few days before you buy your own camera. It will help you understand what you need to do in photography.Every photograph begins with an idea but ends with the composition. Different scenarios need different compositions and lens settings.