Outdoor Photography Tips for Beginners

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Photography is more than creating illusions and capturing dreams. It is about chronicling the history so the children will benefit. While this is important, it is more important to pay attention to detail.

Use the tips to enhance your photos

The small things help you create a stunning photograph from that would otherwise have been simply another photo. The best way to learn is from the experts. Here are some Outdoor Photography Tips for Beginners that we compiled for you.

Get around the camera shake :
You can get better pictures if you use a tripod. Set it up so you have the subject in the best possible light. Screw your camera on and adjust the field of view. Make sure you can move in for a close up easily before you begin shooting. The most common reasons for the camera shake is shutter shock and long focal distances. Run one or two trial shots and you will get the hang of it.

Take pictures with your cell phone camera :
This is the new in-thing; almost everyone has taken photos with their cell phone camera. Most cameras on the phones have fixed focal length with zoom capabilities. The first thing you can do to improve the quality of the images is to download a photo app. Most of the controls are set to take good pictures in average conditions. You might have to turn the flash on if the light is low.

The only thing you will need to do is to press on the point of the picture where your subject is. This will focus the camera on that point. You can increase or decrease the exposure by rubbing your finger up and down the screen beside the point of focus.

Here are some of the other tips you can use :
1. Reduce the amount of gear you carry
2. Choose the correct lens
3. Pick the right camera setting

Use one or more of these Outdoor Photography Tips for Beginners to get high-quality photos on your outings or celebratory events. Always pick the best time to go for your photo shoot. And, dump everything you possibly can that you will not use on the shoot. You need the camera, lenses, the tripod, filters, and camera bag. You carry too many things, then you will spend time worrying about them and not have a clear mind for your photo shoot.

Pick the right lens :
Landscape images are best created with wide angle lenses. You get more space in the scene and objects appear large and imposing. For wildlife photography, you need telephoto lenses. These make far away things like the moon or the mountains appear close by. If you want to photograph rushing water or drifting clouds, use slow shutter speed.

During long exposures, you can filter the light using ND filter. Shutter speed helps you choose how much of light to let into the camera. Some of the shutter speeds are 1/15, 1/30, and so on until it reaches 1/1500 and 1/2000.

Taking time to attend to the little things helps you get sharp pictures. In time, they become a matter of rote and you will not have to keep the checklist with you always.

4 Steps to Becoming a Better Photographer

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Photography is an instance of preserving time and events, but you do it in an attractive form. Every celebration and milestone such as birthdays, weddings, and job promotions needs the photographer and his skill. Photography is an art that you must develop. Here are some tips on how to improve your photography skills.

1) Choose the lens according to your subject of photography

Every style of photography has its own needs. For instance, for landscape photography, you must use long distance lenses such as the Canon EF 70-200mm f/4L USM Telephoto Zoom lens. If you want to do portrait photography, you must choose a wide angle prime lens such as the Canon EF 24mm f/2.8 IS USM.

2) The setting of the camera matters the most

Aperture: This is the size of the hole in the front of the camera. An aperture of f/2.8 is bigger than f/22. The bigger the aperture, the more light that will enter the camera.

Shutter speed: You can see this as 1/15 or 1/50th of a second. When you capture moving objects, you must use a high shutter speed of 1/250th of a second. Only then the picture will remain clear. If you use slow shutter speed you can capture things in low light. Slow shutter speed allows blurring of objects such as movement of water.ISO setting: This is the film speed. The setting is 100 or 200 for outdoor photography and 400 or 800 for indoor photography. The higher the speed, the brighter will be the picture. But, you must note that if you allow too much light, the picture will appear grainy.

3) Adjust the white balance                                

The need to adjust white balance is that when you do not do so, the picture will have yellow or blue tinge. Suppose you shoot under incandescent light, the light is warm and so you must cool it by opting for a blue filter. Similarly, when the light is green or blue as when you shoot under a tube light, you must warm the scene by opting for a yellow filter. Most of the modern digital cameras have settings for sunny, fluorescent, tungsten, shady, and cloudy. You also have an auto mode and a flash mode. This helps you get the best white balance while photographing.

4) Practice with a high-end camera 

The next step in How to become a Better Photographer is to practice. Practice is the key to perfection. Try to use every opportunity to practice photography. If you do not have a good camera, you must rent one from the camera rental shops and practice using these. Only when you get the feel of the camera, you will get good, sharp pictures. It does not happen overnight by accident or wishing. Put in your two hours a week of dedicated practice and you will become a good photographer.

The key to getting good pictures is dedication. If your heart is not in it, the pictures will not come out right. If you find it difficult to get good pictures of animals, you must practice more and in time, you will get perfect pictures.

Difference between Digital camera and Film camera

d1fde9bb89352ca64481042b0de3d193.jpgIn the world of photography, the aim of the photographer is to capture the moment and it does not matter whether he uses the old-fashioned analog camera or the modern-day digital one. Both of them work the same way when you consider the lighting and background. But, there are advantages in each that appeal to different photographers.

Use of film and sensors

The main difference between the two is the way it captures the images. When the light from the subject of the photograph enters the camera, the digital camera uses a digital sensor to capture the image. In the film camera (analog camera), the light falls on a film. This is photosensitive meaning it undergoes a chemical change once it receives the light. The light image is then processed and sent for printing. Each process will take 2-3 days meaning it will take about a week to process the film.

In case of the digital camera, the digital sensor sends the image to the digital storage card in the camera. This takes about a fraction of a second. Next, using Wi-Fi, the camera sends the same image to the internet where it gets uploaded to your photo storage album. You can then see the photograph from anywhere by accessing the internet. You can see how convenient it is to use the digital camera and how easy it is to process and store the digital pictures.

Ease of using the digital camera

For the same reason, when you take a photograph with a digital camera, it costs next to nothing. For the analog film, you have to spend some money. You store the photographs in the digital storage memory where you can make copies or erase with a click of a button. The physical space needed to store each analog photograph is 4 cm x 4 cm and they are about 0.15 cm thick. So, you will need 2400 cubic centimeters of space that is a 10 cm deep box of the dimensions 15 cm x 16 cm for storing 1000 photographs.

You can store an endless amount of photographs in digital format. They do not need any space and you can transfer the photos to your mobile phone from the internet at any time. This way, you can access and use these photographs at any place and at any time. This is the reason for the popularity of the digital photographs. Today, you can even make huge posters and banners using the digital technology. The old-fashioned printing has gone out of practice because no one uses them anymore.

Skill needed is the same

The skill needed to take a good photograph is a steady hand, knowledge of the lighting aspect, and the film or the shutter speed you use. In the old film cameras, you must use the film with the correct speed and use the proper exposure to get the picture that has the right amount of clarity.

In the digital photos also, you need to have the right amount of exposure and use the right ISO setting just as in the other case. The only difference is in the viewfinder which is in digital format in the new modern cameras.

 

Cameras for Low Budget Filmmaking

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While every camera takes photos, only a few make good movies. The video shooting capacity varies with brand and cost. Still, there are some cameras that make the cut. Here is a look at them.

Shooting movies with the EOS DSLR camera

You can make wonderful movies if you follow some thumb rules. First, you must know that the EOS DSLR cameras will make two files. One is the.MOV file that is the movie file and the.THM file. This second one is the thumbnail file. The computer does not need these files to play the movies. You can transfer the.MOV files and delete them.THM files. No harm is done here. But, if you want to play the movies back on your camera, you need them.THM files.

Do a trial run first

Second, you must check the aperture settings do not change when you zoom in and out. This is for the times when you make movies with a zoom lens attached to the DSLR camera. You might feel like zooming in often. When the lens is variable aperture zooming will alter the maximum aperture and make it become small. This will cause the footage to become darker. When you use a fixed aperture lens, you may not have a change in the aperture size. But, since the amount of light reduces when you zoom, the footage will become darker. To be sure, check that the exposure does not vary before you shoot the film.

Check the temperature gauge often

When you shoot for a long time, the sensor will get hot. It sends two kinds of warnings. The first is the white temperature gauge. It will appear on the rear LCD screen. If this warning appears, it is advisable to stop filming and wait until the camera cools. But, you can carry on filming. The quality will not be up to snuff. When the red temperature gauge warning appears, it means the camera will shut down shortly. This is to prevent any damage to the sensor. Here you have to take a break.

Choose a good camera
The choice of the camera depends on the budget and the availability. You can even rent your camera. You have many shops that give you high-quality cameras for dirt cheap prices. Register on these sites and you will get the camera door-delivered within the hour. Here is the selection of cameras ideal for film shooting:

  • Canon 5D Mark III
  • Canon 70D
  • Sony a7S
  • Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4
  • Canon C100 Mark II
  • Blackmagic Design Cinema Camera

Always choose the white balance setting from the preset settings or use a custom white balance setting. Avoid using the custom white balance setting. Suppose you make adjustments to the ISO settings during filming, it will change the way the footage will appear if you use Auto setting. If you use the custom setting, you can adjust this to the value you need.

Using a preset White Balance will ensure that the setting will not change. The processing of the film will remain easy for you. Another thing is to use manual setting for the ISO setting, aperture value, and shutter speed. This way, the settings will not change while you are filming.

How to Use Safety and Protection Tips for DSLR cameras and Lenses

Photography enriches life as it can intermingle perspectives and present moments for posterity. The photographer is a kind of historian or biographer and helps record the intimate moments of life. Here we see how we should protect the precious photography gear.

Fear not the rain

If moisture gets inside your camera, you will have mold formation. This is very bad and so you must wrap the camera and lens in a plastic bag if there is rain. Protected in a proper way from the rain by rain sleeves, you can shoot lovely pictures and who does not like the rain? Go ahead and get those delectable snapshots of rain falling down on the roses…

Fear the dust

Dust can damage the camera and lens functions. Use lens cap for both the front and the rear side. It will help protect the electrical circuitry and elements inside the camera. Use a rocket blower if you shoot in a dust-prone area. Clear the dust from the lens before you shoot.

Guard the lenses

First, use a pad between the lenses so they do not bang into each other all the time. If you shoot near the sea, use a UV filter in the front of the lens. This will protect the lens from the salt. Remember to clean the lens when you reach your room.

If you do some rock climbing, the chances are you will bang your lens into the rocks. If you use a UV filter, then you can avoid damaging the lens. The UV filter is cheap and you can replace it with ease.

Use desiccant for long-term storage

If you plan to store the camera for a long time, then put a desiccant in the camera bag. Store the camera and lens in a place with good ventilation. Replace the desiccant often as they will not keep their power long. Remove the batteries before you store them.

Keep the camera away from strong magnetic fields such as a television set. Do not use camphor balls. Protect the camera from extreme heat such as direct sunlight. The insides of a vehicle will be very hot. So, avoid storing the camera inside the car or van.

Also, the AA batteries drain over time. It is best to use them for some other devices. If you use rechargeable batteries then you can store the batteries, recharge them, and use them. But, if left unused for a long time, all batteries will lose power.

Use of memory card

Before you use the memory cards in the camera, format them in your computer. Then, switch off the power before you insert the memory card. In the same way, power off before you remove the memory card.

Cleaning the monitor

Use a blower first. Do not apply pressure to the monitor face. This will cause serious trouble. The blower will remove all the dust. Use a lens cleaner to clean the superficial dirt. If there are stains, then use chamois leather or a soft cloth with the stain remover to clean.

When you leave the camera or move the camera, use the monitor cover. A little care goes a long way and helps keep your camera in pristine condition.

Top 5 DSLR Cameras for Indian Wedding Photography

Using the native skills is not enough for a wedding photo shoot. You need to have the experience to capture those magical moments when there is intimate action. Also, you need a great camera and a good selection of lenses. This will help you get all that you need to preserve the moments for posterity. That said, here is a look at the best DSLR cameras on the market now.

Nikon D5

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The first among the Nikon cameras to use the autofocus, the Nikon D5 has 153 autofocus points. Of these, 99 are cross-type sensors. It is best in the class in shooting speed and handles like a dream. It is ideal for capturing those spectacular moments when you need to come into focus fast or miss all. And, don’t worry if you do not have enough light. The Nikon D5 will get pictures of the couple, no matter which corner they are in. It is well suited for wedding photos with a long-range lens 650-1300 mm super-telephoto zoom lens. It has a price of $10,567 and the lens comes for $437.

Canon EOS 1DX II

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A wonderful camera with innovative features, the Canon EOS 1DX II has a 20.2 MP full-frame sensor. It has AE/AF tracking modes that give you continuous shooting speeds up to 14 fps. You can shoot movies at 60p/50p. The shutter durability is 400,000 cycles. It has 6+ image processors. All this adds up to the unbelievable wedding picture caught at extraordinary moments by the Canon EOS 1DX II. You get ISO setting of 409,600 for unbelievable clarity in your pictures. The price is $7470.

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

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One of the best wedding pictures ever is the long shot taken of the couple with a bouquet effect. For this, you need a good camera and a long-range lens. A good prime lens is the Canon EF 135mm F/2L USM Prime Lens for Canon SLR Camera costing $1100 with the closest focusing distance of 3 feet. The camera cost $5000 and is worth it. The sensor is full frame dual pixel CMOS 30.4 MP size. It comes with Wi-Fi and GPS so you will not have any trouble uploading the pictures to the internet. It has DIGIC 6+ Image Processor.

Nikon D810

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The successor to the D800 and the D800E models, the Nikon D810 has all the good features of the two previous cameras. The sensor is 36.3 MP full frame type. It has an expanded ISO range 64 -12,800. The processor is EXPEED 4 and it has 12-bits RAW file support. Shutter durability is 200,000 cycles. The speed is 1/8000 at 30 seconds exposure. This is great for wedding photography because the high shutter speed will match the ISO setting for low light. The price is $3291.

Nikon D500

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This is a 21 MP crop sensor DSLR camera. It can shoot at 10 fps. The autofocus system has 153 points where you can select 55. You have quite an array of autofocus modes that make it a great camera for group or individual photography. Choose from Single, Dynamic, 3D tracking, Auto-area, and Group-area options and you see what you have. The price for this camera is $319.

Get to the wedding hall before and check the lighting. Also, set up your own light stands in some of the strategic spots.

Top 5 Best Cameras for Personal Use

The choice of camera depends on the skills of the photographer. The beginner will not benefit by getting a high-end camera because he does not have enough composition skills. The skillful photographer will not benefit by using a mediocre camera. This makes the choice of the camera a personal one. But, here we give the best cameras for all photographers.

Best features Nikon D5600 (Rs 47,809)

Image result for Nikon D5600As the price shows, this is one of the high-end cameras with an APS-C CMOS 24.2 megapixel sensor and a 3.2-inch articulated touchscreen having 1,040,000 dots. The video continuous shooting speed at 1080p is 5 fps. It has excellent image reproduction but like many other cameras, it is slow in the Live View mode. The 30-point AF system is the best there is in this segment.

Best beginner camera Canon EOS Rebel T6 (Rs 25,636)

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This camera has a sensor size of 18 megapixels of the APS-C CMOS type. The greatest video resolution is 1080p and the continuous shooting speed is 3 fps. The positive thing is the low price and the good image quality. The shortcoming is that the Live View focusing is slow and there is no touchscreen. You have a good set of features though not everything that the high-end models have. It has Wi-Fi and NFC built-in helping you to move your pictures to your smartphone with ease.

Best low-cost beginner camera D3300 (Rs 29,957)

Image result for D3300The sensor is 24.2 megapixels APS-C CMOS and offers video shooting in 1080p at 5 fps. It has a “Guide mode” that is helpful for the beginners to learn how to make adjustments to his DSLR camera. It has great image quality but it does not provide connectivity (no Wi-Fi or NFC). So, you must use the Nikon Plug-in adapter to download and transfer the photos. This camera is not easy to get as the next in line model D3400 is fast capturing the market.

Best low-light photography camera Canon EOS 200D (Rs 53,957)

This camera has a great burst rate and allows quick focusing when one uses the Live View mode. One can take a varied selection of photographs from portrait to landscape to wedding photos. The APS-C sensor is 24.2 megapixels and the Autofocus is Dual Pixel CMOS. You can get clear and sharp photos with this camera. The Canon EOS 200D with 18-55mm or 55-250mm lenses is a great travel companion. The 25600 ISO setting allows one to take low-light photos with great clarity.

Best beginner video camera  Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III (Rs 66,880)

One of the best cameras with powerful controls to help you compose beautiful photos, the Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark III has a 16.1-megapixel sensor. The sensor is Micro Four Thirds that is smaller than the standard DSLR making the camera compact and lightweight. You can shoot 4k video and get great pictures due to the 5-axis stabilization system. The continuous shooting speed is 8.6 fps. It has a tilt-angle display LCD screen. The image quality is good though the size of the sensor is half that of the standard DSLR camera.

Though we show many of the cameras as fit for beginners, it works well with the experts too. It will last until you decide to upgrade again to the next level.

What are the best lenses for street photography?

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One of the essential elements of photography is composition. In Street Photography, this is all the more important because it helps portray the character of the subject without distortion. Street photography involves getting close to the subject without changing their behavior. For this, you can use prime lenses or super zoom lenses depending on the situation.

Superzoom lenses

You use superzoom lenses from a far-off place. The subject remains framed by a soft focus background that highlights the important characteristic of either the surrounding or the subject.

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

Prime lenses

Prime lenses are the main lenses used in photography. This is because they produce the most natural pictures of the subject. The 50 mm lenses resemble the vision of the human eye because the focal length is almost the same.

50 mm

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

The second type of prime lens is the 35 mm lens. This helps you go close to the subject and get close-up photos.

35 mm

  • Canon EF 28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM full frame – Price: £1,900
  • Nikon AF-S DX Nikkor 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR II APS-C – Price: £585

Tips for using the DSLR camera

Aperture settings

The aperture is the hole in the front of the lens that allows light into the camera. You adjust this by the f-stop number. Bigger the f-stop number, the smaller will be the aperture. So, you have the f/2.0 or the f/2.8 meaning the f-stop is 2.0 in the first case and 2.8 in the second. The amount of light will remain more in the first case.

You also have Aperture Priority denoted by Tv or S. The shutter priority is a semi-automatic shooting mode that helps you set the shutter speed as slow or fast. If you need to take the picture of a fast action, you use the fast shutter speed (such as 1/4000th of a second) to avoid blurring the picture. The next is the P mode or the program mode. This is a halfway mark between the semi-automatic and manual mode. In this mode, you adjust either one say the shutter speed or the aperture. The Program P will adjust the other one automatically.

The manual mode M is for full manual control of the camera. You have to set the aperture and the shutter speed by yourself.

The ISO setting helps you set the amount of light that reaches the sensor in the camera. The ISO setting has either a high value such as 6400 ISO or low setting such as 100 ISO. The low setting will allow only a low amount of light into the camera. If you use the low ISO setting, you must use a slow shutter speed to allow more light to enter the camera. If you want to capture fast-moving objects, you use a high setting so you can get a clear picture.

What are some photography hacks everyone should know?

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The difference between a good photograph and a fantastic one lies in the amount of preparation and work that goes into the photograph. If you see a photographer fidgeting and waiting before he takes his picture, it is because he is adjusting the parameters so he achieves the preferred setting for his picture. One can use cool photographic tricks to create diffuser effects and creative effects in the photograph.
Tips for taking landscape photographs
When you go to a historic site, you always find tourists and it is impossible to get rid of them. Put your camera on a tripod and take a couple of pictures. Then, use Photoshop to remove the tourists from the photographs. Go to Menu à Scripts à Statistics. Then, you can remove anything you do not want from your photograph.
Create slider effects
If you do not want to or cannot afford a slider for taking photographs, use the tripod. Rock the tripod forward and backward. You can lift it and place it forward to get the same effect as the slider.
Create a flare
To get a flare in your photograph, stick a transparent colored plastic paper across the lens of the camera. If you shoot into a bright source of light, the flare will come in the picture.

Get close-ups without the zoom lens: If you cannot afford or forgot to bring your zoom lens, you can remove the detachable lens and turn it backward. This will bring the subject close to you but you will not have any manual control. Instead, you will have to move your camera back and forth until you have the right focus.
Find the vantage point
The best equipment will not compensate for the composition. You can get the best angle by climbing on the roof of the building or if you lay down on the floor. Finding this angle makes the photograph great. So, put in some effort and you can add the special effects later.
Tips for the smartphone user

  • You can use cutouts in front of your camera lens or in the background to create dramatic effects.
  • Jump around while photographing and use the timer on the smartphone to get spectacular pictures.
  • Use a picture in the background to create a lively picture when you do not have any interesting background on your subject.
  • Use a plastic cover over your camera lens and color it with different colors to create a new effect in the photograph.
  • When you are shooting inside a room, use a paper cup as a smartphone stand. Cut a slit on the top such that the cut slants to the edge of the glass. Now, your phone can rest on the paper cup while you take the photograph.

Taking photographs with the phone increases your control due to the many inbuilt functions the phone has.These hacks prove that one can use creative efforts even when one is under-budget. By practice, you will adapt well to them and become the best photographer ever. But, you must begin by writing the tips down and practicing them.

Things to Consider When Buying Your First DSLR Camera

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The Single Reflex Lens (SLR) camera uses a mirror to reflect light from the object onto the sensor. The digital SLR differs from the SLR camera in that it uses electronics to do what the SLR camera does manually. Thus, the quality of the images is much better in the DSLR cameras. Here is a list of the things you must consider if you want to buy a DSLR camera.
Check the feel of the camera
The first thing to do is to, in a mild way; bounce the camera in your hand. It must feel easy and well balanced. That is important because you will want to align the camera in a specific manner to get a photograph and if you do not have a good feel, then you will not get good photographs.
Work the controls
Keep the camera lightly balanced and work the controls. These are the Shutter Speed and White Balance for starters. They must have an alien feel when you change them around. Instead, they must feel natural. Check the drive mode and the self-timer to see if they work in a smooth way. Fiddle around with the exposure settings, change the metering and try to work the focus. If they work well, then you have the right model. If not, try another model.
Check the video recording
Even if you are not planning on shooting any videos, you will in time use the video recording function. Most DSLR cameras have full HD 1080p video recording feature. But, there are a few that have only 720p or non-HD recording. Every brand has a different frame rate for recording. The higher frame rates give smoother output.
Confirm the modes available
The DSLR camera will have all standard features such as Action, Portrait, Landscape, and Night modes. A few of the cameras will also have features such as Auto, Guide, and Panorama. The Guide function is especially helpful if one is a beginner. It will walk you through the working of the camera which helps you become an expert in no time at all. But, working your DSLR camera is easy if you use the Auto mode during the initial phases when you are learning about the controls.
Know about sensor size
The quality of the photograph depends on the size of the sensor in the camera.  The biggest sensor is the full-frame sensor present that is equivalent to the 35 mm film. The size of the sensor is 36×24 mm. Entry level cameras have a smaller size sensor and crop sensors. The APS-C sensor for all brands except the Canon is 23.6×15.6 mm. The Canon has a smaller sensor at 22.2×14.8 mm. Another common sensor is the Four Thirds that measure 17.3×13 mm. The larger sensors cost more and deliver better pictures.
See the megapixel resolution
The megapixel resolution does matter but not as much as the sensor size. To print clear pictures of standard size, you need at most a resolution of 7 megapixels. Most of the entry level cameras have 12 megapixels or more so you need not worry about this aspect at all.

Now, you know what to look for in your camera. You only need to see that the camera has all the basic features.